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Mar 04, 2024, Posted by Admin

Disallowance U/s 43B(h) – Non Payment of dues to MSME

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Disallowance U/s 43B(h) – Non-Payment of dues to MSME

To encourage timely payments to Micro and Small Enterprises under the MSME Development Act 2006, a new addition to the list of disallowances section is being made vide section 43B(h).

The provision addresses disallowing expenditures which are supplied or procured from Micro or Small Enterprises and are not paid within the time limit prescribed U/s 15 of the MSME Development Act 2006.

In such cases, expenses can be claimed only in the year in which expenses are actually paid, unlike other disallowances U/s 43B where disallowance will not be attracted even if the payment is made after the Financial Year but before the due date prescribed u/s 139(1) of the return filing.

In order to classify MICRO or SMALL Enterprises the definitions of Micro and Small Enterprises under the MSME Development Act 2006 are reproduced below :-

 Section-2(h) – Micro Enterprise means –

“an enterprise classified as such under sub-clause (i) of clause (a) or sub-clause (i) of clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 7

;” Section-2(m) – Small Enterprise means – ”

 an enterprise classified as such under sub-clause (ii) of clause (a) or sub-clause (ii) of clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 7;”

 S-2(e) – Enterprise means –

“an industrial undertaking or a business concern or any other establishment, by whatever name called, engaged in the manufacture or production of goods, in any manner, pertaining to any industry specified in the First Schedule to the Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951 (65 of 1951) or engaged in providing or rendering of any service or services”

Classification of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises

Enterprises Investment Turnover
Micro  Not More Than 1 Crore Not More Than 5 Crore
Small Not More Than 10 Crore Not More Than 10 Crore
Medium Not More Than 50 Crore Not More Than 250 Crore


Section-15 Time Limit for payment under MSME Development Act 2006 :-

 “Where any supplier, supplies any goods or renders any services to any buyer, the buyer shall make payment therefor on or before the date agreed upon between him and the supplier in writing or, where there is no agreement in this behalf, before the appointed day :

Provided that in no case the period agreed upon between the supplier and the buyer in writing shall exceed forty-five days from the day of acceptance or the day of deemed acceptance.

From the above definitions the following important points are to be considered while determining the dues Payable to Micro or Small Enterprises  :-

a) As per the definition of Enterprises, only persons dealing in either Manufacturing of Goods or Providing any services will be classified as an Enterprise. Trader / Retailer/ Distributor etc; would not be classified as an Enterprise and would not be covered under the Micro or Small Enterprise Definition

b) As per Section-15 of MSME Development Act 2006, due date for an invoice is to be determined as per the Terms of the Invoice or 45 days from the date of invoice whichever is earlier.

c) Supplier under the MSME Development Act 2006 is defined as a person who is registered under the Act, hence Micro or Small Enterprise who are not registered under the Act would not be covered under the Definition of S-43B(h)

 It’s advised to obtain a :-

a) Declaration on the classification of an Enterprise from a supplier and

b) The certificate under MSME Development Act 2006

from each supplier of goods or services  in order to keep a track of the dues payable to MSME , the same would also help in complying with various Statutory Provisions Under Income Tax Act and Companies Act 2013.

The Below table summarises the various scenarios under which disallowances will be attracted and the year in which deductions can be claimed:-

Invoice Date Amount Due Date Paid date Disallowance Deduction
20/04/2023 1500000 05/06/2023 25/03/2024 No Disallowance FY 2023-24
20/04/2023 1500000 05/06/2023 10/04/2024 FY 2023-2024 FY 2024-25
10/03/2024 1000000 25/04/2024 20/04/2024 No Disallowance FY 2023-24
10/03/2024 1000000 25/04/2024 30/04/2024 FY 2023-2024 FY 2024-25
10/03/2024 1000000 25/04/2024 Not Paid FY 2023-2024 No Deduction
31/03/2024 1000000 15/05/2024 15/05/2024 No Disallowance FY 2023-24


We Jain Anurag & Associates, Chartered Accountants premier Chartered Accountancy firm, specialize in delivering end-to-end services tailored specifically for Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). Our comprehensive suite of solutions covers every aspect of financial management, regulatory compliance, and strategic planning, providing MSMEs with the essential support they need to navigate challenges and capitalize on opportunities








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